Genetics, Disease Prevention and Treatment


Genetic research is creating new ways for people to take action and prevent disease and new ways to treat disease through personalized medicine.

How can learning about my family’s health history help me prevent disease?

We have known for a long time that common diseases like heart disease, asthma, cancer, and diabetes can run in families. Rare diseases like hemophilia, cystic fibrosis, and sickle cell anemia also run in families. For example, if a parent has high blood pressure, his or her child is more likely to have high blood pressure as an adult.

Learning about the health history of your family and sharing this information with your health care provider can help you learn whether you have an increased chance of getting some common diseases.

Your health care provider can then give you individualized and specific education about how to:
  • Check regularly for the disease.
  • Follow a healthy diet.
  • Get regular exercise.
  • Avoid smoking tobacco and too much alcohol.
  • Get specific genetic testing that can help with diagnosis and treatment.

Top of page

How can I learn about my family’s health history?

To help people use family history to improve their health, the U.S. Surgeon General started a national public health campaign called the U.S. Surgeon General’s Family History Initiative. This goal of this campaign is to have all American families learn more about their family health history.

My Family Health Portrait is a tool from the U.S. Surgeon General’s Family History Initiative that you can find on the Web. The tool helps you gather and organize your own family health history. You can find it in either English or Spanish. Using any computer with an Internet connection, you can build a drawing of your family tree and make a chart of your family health history. Both the chart and the drawing can be printed and shared with your family members or your health care provider.

Go to: My Family Health Portrait []

Top of page

How can knowing about genetics help treat disease?

Every year, more than two million Americans have serious side effects from prescription medicines and as many as one hundred thousand die. A “one-size-fits-all” approach to medicine might lead to some of these side effects, since all people are different. Genetic research is helping us figure out how individual people will respond to medicines. This type of research is called “pharmacogenetics” and “pharmagenomics.”

For more information about Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics go to:

Top of page

What are some examples of using genetic information in the treatment of disease?

  • A person’s genetic makeup affects how their body breaks down certain medicines. Genetic testing can examine certain liver enzymes in a person to find out how their body breaks down and removes medicines from the body. Because these liver enzymes are less active in some people, they are less able to break down and get rid of some medicines. This can lead to serious side effects. This type of testing is being used to find the right dose of certain medicines, such as antidepressants that are used to treat some mental illnesses.
  • There is now a test to find out whether a medicine called Herceptin will be an effective treatment in breast cancer. This test looks “estrogen receptors” in tumors.
  • Children with a common type of childhood leukemia can be tested to find the right doses of chemotherapy treatment.

Top of page

What are some concerns about using genetic information in disease treatment?

Some people have concerns about using genetic information in the treatment of disease. These concerns include:

  • Tailor-made medicines might be more expensive
  • Not everyone might have access to new treatments
  • Keeping genetic information private
  • Possible discrimination at work and from health insurance companies
  • Need for more information about this type of medicine
Learn more: Health Issues in Genetics

Top of page

Where can I get more information?

Top of page

15,050 thoughts on “Genetics, Disease Prevention and Treatment”

  1. The selection of footwear and the multiplicity of brands guarantees that you can spend hrs just browsing.|We should do some comparisons amongst the on-line footwear stores and find the cheapest footwear. To satisfy the need of fashionable shoes for males, there are numerous stores accessible in markets.|Right from pins to planes- you can find every thing via the internet. Color and the fashion of footwear are of equivalent significance simply because they make your appears complete. This is with out a question, a woman’s worst nightmare.|You can verify exclusive collection of designer footwear from Aldo brand online at shopatmajorbrands. Remember that you are not in a store where it is possible to try out issues.|Your feet should have a comfortable pair of shoes. Some of these choices need small more than typical feeling. If they were opting for the spending budget shoes they would type “cheap shoes” or “shoes on sale”, and so on.|So just go on-line, and grab the designer footwear for yourself and alter the way you appear. What’s the tale behind the rise of the web footwear giants? Final but not the least, air them well to make them stop stinking of sweat.|Women are fascinated with footwear in the same way they are fascinated with jewellery. Delhi is a active and crowded metropolis exactly where vast majority of individuals do not get time for shopping.|Before making your purchase, always put on each footwear and walk around. A assure is especially useful when you are shoe buying. Shoes were initially made, in order to protect the ft towards the various elements.|Once you are sure all the phrases are fine for you, you can then go forward and make the purchase. Just log into the website and get the footwear of your choice and numerous much more issues.|Such pressures are good news for customers. To purchase footwear India on-line is not a difficult or big thing to do now. All the Liberty brand names such as Gliders combine fashion in their shoes collections.|You can discover the best style at the very best cost when you shoes online shoppin. I have utilized my credit score card actually 1000’s of times on-line and have by no means had a problem.|That assists to maintain their costs reduce, making certain that they can offer reduce costs to customers. When it comes to finding wide sized footwear, it can appear like an uphill battle.|This then translates into lower than road costs and on-line only offers that cannot be found elsewhere. Second, prior to you shoes online shoppin, be sure to check out the shop’s return coverage.|You ought to consequently be very careful whenever you decide to go to a shoe shop on-line. Ensure that the shoes fit well and the child is comfy wearing them. But its actually a win-win situation for everybody.|With complete ease and comfort and ease and with out stressing about time, one can appreciate shopping for footwear.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.